You should know that there is no such a thing as special diet during pregnancy. But you need to choose a diet that is healthy, balanced and full of vitamins and minerals that you and your baby need. Remember to not to fall into the trap of ‘eating for two’. You need some extra calories only in your third trimester. If you will start much earlier you can regret it. Also, what is really important to know: there are some foods you should not eat when you’re pregnant because they might make you ill or harm your baby.
The foods below are best avoided during pregnancy:
- Don’t eat liver or liver products such as liver payer, sausage. They may contain a large amount of vitamin A, which could harm the baby.
- Don’t eat shark, marlin and swordfish and limit tuna intake. The mercury levels in these fish are high and can damage the baby’s developing nervous system.
- Don’t eat raw shellfish. They can contain harmful bacteria and viruses that cause food poisoning. Those which are part of a hot meal and has been thoroughly cooked are fine.
- Don’t eat any type of pate including vegetable pate and mould-ripened soft cheeses, such as Brie or Camembert.
- Don’t eat peanuts and foods containing peanut products (peanut butter, peanut oil, groundnut oil etc) if you, your partner or any previous children have a history of hayfever, asthma, eczema or other allergies
- Don’t have more than two portions of oily fish a week (including salmon, mackerel, sardines and trout).
Remember to eat enough of the essential nutrients, such as protein, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals, for both you and your little one. A healthy balanced diet includes a wide range of foods from 5 different food groups:
- starchy carbohydrate foods- bread, breakfast cereals, rice and potatoes etc
- fruit and vegetables
- dairy foods- milk, cheese, yoghurts etc
- protein foods- meat, poultry, fish, beans, nuts, soya etc
- foods containing fat and sugar
During pregnancy, your immune system can be slightly less effective leaving you more vulnerable to tummy bugs. So you should be careful when preparing your food:
- wash your hand thoroughly before and after handling any food
- only drink pasteurised or UHT milk
- eggs need to be thoroughly cooked
- wash fruit, vegetables and salads thoroughly
- cook all meat thoroughly
If you will be not forgetting about it You can reduce the risk of salmonella and listeria which can lead to miscarriage and stillbirth, and toxoplasmosis which can cause brain damage, blindness, epilepsy, miscarriage and stillbirth.
Even if you don’t need to be on a special diet during pregnancy is really important to know what foods to avoid and establish some do’s and don’ts for food preparation.